Reformation 21 - Feature: "Let me offer three modest examples of the usefulness of Reformation theology for addressing the concerns of the Emergent Church. These are tentative examples, which should be explored more fully, but I propose them as a positive contribution in this discussion. First, in his article entitled "From the Third Floor to the Garage," Spencer Burke describes his dissatisfaction with evangelicalism and his eventual "emergence." Burke writes about his discontentment with what he calls "spiritual McCarthyism." Historically what he is describing is the legacy of Fundamentalism within the evangelical church. Burke laments the authoritarian approach of many pastors that stifles theological investigation (because it automatically leads to Liberalism) but claims doctrinal absolutes with little intellectual substantiation. Emergent leaders take seriously the need for Christians to engage the culture intellectually. This was not always the case in the history of evangelicalism. For much of the twentieth-century evangelical Fundamentalism was on the retreat intellectually. Yet Emergent thinkers are riding the tide of intellectual rediscovery within evangelicalism and moving forward within a postmodern context. Still D. A. Carson is convinced that much of the thinking within the Emergent community is intellectually lacking. One way for the Emergent Church to address Carson's concern is to look for examples of theological engagement in a pre-modern context like the Reformation. "